Motivation is the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. The main features of motivation are a goal-oriented continuous process and a psychological phenomenon that converts abilities into performance.
The word “motivation” comes from the Latin word “mover”, which means move.
Human motives are based on needs, whether consciously felt. Sonic are primary needs, such as the physiological needs for water, air, food, sleep, and shelter.
Other needs may be regarded as secondary stitch as self-esteem, status, affiliation with others, affection, giving, accomplishment, and self-assertion. Naturally, these needs vary in intensity and over time among individuals.
“Motivation” is a general term applying to the entire class of drives, desires, needs, wishes and similar forces.
To say that managers motivate their subordinates is to say that they do things that they hope will satisfy these drives and desires and induce the subordinates to act in a desired manner.
Motivation may be defined as the act of stimulating someone to take a desired course of action.
It is the art of inducing employees to work diligently and sincerely to the success of the enterprise. It is the intensification of the desire of the workers or employees to work more cordially, carefully and consciously.